pyscology 100 finals

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QUESTION 1

1.

Which of the following is an example of maintenance rehearsal?

You reread the class slides.

You draw diagrams to illustrate concepts

You connect new term to concepts from previously learned topics.

You rewrite your class notes by using your own words.

4 points

QUESTION 2

1.Helen smiles when her friend gives her a pair of socks for Christmas, even though Helen hates the socks. What is this tendency for Helen to regulate her expression of emotions?

Display rules

Naiive realism

Stereotypes

Deceptions

4 points

QUESTION 3

1.Evan believes that if he studies hard, he can do well on his final exams. In general he believes that he has control over things that happen in his life. Evan likely has what kind of locus of control?

Internal

Non-existent

Extraverted

External

4 points

QUESTION 4

1.Milgram conducted a study in which subjects shocked a (fake) partner with increasing voltages of electricity in order to examine which phenomenon?

Obedience

Critical thinking

Bystander effect

Conformity

4 points

QUESTION 5

1.What are astrology, phrenology, and tarot card readings all examples of?

Pseudoscience

Scientifically evaluated phenomenon

Correlation-causation fallacy

Critical thinking

4 points

QUESTION 6

1.Phineas Gage suffered a traumatic brain injury when an iron rod shot through his skull, destroying a large part of his frontal lobe. Gage’s personality changed after the accident. What type of research method did the scientist’s use to study Gage’s personality change after the brain injury?

Case study

Experimental design

Survey

Naturalistic observation

4 points

QUESTION 7

1.How do scientists determine if a trait is heritable?

The answer is Studies comparing similarities between pairs of identical and fraternal twins

Studies looking at epigenetics

Studies using selective reproduction

There is no way to determine if a trait is heritable

4 points

QUESTION 8

1.Which disorder causes extreme mood swings that include emotional manic highs and depressive lows?

Bipolar disorder

Schizophrenia

Generalized anxiety disorder

Major depressive disorder

4 points

QUESTION 9

1.

This phenomenon may occur as an athlete reconciles their belief that they are an active person with the fact that they just spent an entire day watching TV and eating potato chips.

Cognitive dissonance

Fundamental attribution error

Stereotypes

Social loafing

4 points

QUESTION 10

1.

After Sally burned a piece of toast she is convinced that the burn mark looks like an angel. This tendency to see meaningful patterns in their absence is known as?

Patternicity

Confirmation bias

Belief perseverance

Correlation-causation fallacy

4 points

QUESTION 11

1.Jenny is nervous to fly on airplanes or travel by train because she feels trapped, may panic and then become embarrassed. She usually avoids any situation in which escape is difficult. Jenny may be suffering from which psychological disorder?

Agoraphobia

Borderline personality disorder

Schizophrenia

Obsessive compulsive disorder

4 points

QUESTION 12

1.

You are presented the following list of words: Apple, Sweet, Banana, Jeans, Yellow, Radio, Beach, Glass, Nail, World, Shield. When you are later asked to recall the words from the list, you can easily name Apple, Sweet, World, and Shield. This is due to the __________.

Serial Position Effect

Recency Effect

Primacy Effect

Short-Term Memory Effect

4 points

QUESTION 13

1.Which of the following statements about personality traits is true?

Personality traits are generally consistent throughout the lifespan.

Aggressive is one of the big 5 personality traits.

There is no reliable way to measure personality traits.

Ink blot tests are a valid way to measure personality.

4 points

QUESTION 14

1.

Which of the following is an example of positive punishment?

Every time John hits his brother his mother yells, “STOP!” and now John no longer hits his brother.

Every time John plays nicely with his brother his mother gives him a cookie and now John no longer hits his brother.

Every time John hits his brother his mother takes away his video games and now John no longer hits his brother.

Every time John plays nicely with his brother his mother ignores him.

4 points

QUESTION 15

1.What does the DSM-5 stand for?

Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th edition)

Diagnosing sicknesses manual of mental disorders (5th edition)

Developmental disorders and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th edition)

Disorders and sicknesses manual (5th edition)

4 points

QUESTION 16

1.Which of the following was a historical violation of research ethics?

The Tuskegee study

The Guatemalan syphilis study

The answer is All of the answers are correct

The Willowbrook hepatitis study

4 points

QUESTION 17

1.You are presented with the following words list: book, class, chalk, paper, pen, desk, blackboard. When asked to recall the list, you falsely remember the word “school.” This is an example of __________.

Illusory truth

Elaborative memory

Memory illusion

Imagery

4 points

QUESTION 18

1.In Bandura’s Bobo doll experiment, what did the children do after they observed the adult model hit the Bobo doll?

They told the adult model to stop hitting the Bobo doll.

They did not imitate the model and instead hugged the Bobo doll.

Because of conditioning they were scared of the Bobo doll and began to cry.

They imitated the adult model and hit the Bobo doll.

4 points

QUESTION 19

1.Which of the following regarding emotions is true?

There are only 5 secondary emotions.

There are over 2000 primary emotions.

Jealousy is a primary emotion.

Many emotions such as happiness are present in cultures all around the world.

4 points

QUESTION 20

1.After moving to a new house, Tina had difficulty remembering the address of her old house. This is an example of _________ interference.

Retrograde

Retroactive

Prograde

Proactive

4 points

QUESTION 21

1.In Solomon Asch’s study of conformity, all of the fake participants gave the incorrect answer and the researchers recorded what answer the real participant gave. What was the dependent variable?

Whether or not the real participant was in a classroom or in a laboratory

The number of fake participants

The fake participants’ incorrect answers

The answer that the real participant gave

4 points

QUESTION 22

1.

In Pavlov’s classic experiment, what is the salivation in response to the bell?

Conditioned stimulus

Unconditioned response

Conditioned response

Unconditioned stimulus

4 points

QUESTION 23

1.Jamal is in a group of 10 people giving an answer to a math question on the board. Before Jamal gives his answer, nine people already said that the answer is 104. Even though Jamal knows the correct answer is 102, according to Solomon Asch’s research how is Jamal likely to respond?

He will most likely say 102 because of confirmation bias.

He will most likely rebel by saying he does not know the answer.

He will most likely say 102 because of belief perseverance.

He will most likely conform and say 104.

4 points

QUESTION 24

1.Ellen sees on the news that coffee is correlated with a longer life span. Ellen then starts to drink coffee three times a day because she believes that drinking coffee will cause her to live longer. What kind of error in thinking is Ellen making?

Confirmation bias

Correlation-causation fallacy

Naïve realism

Mere exposure effect

4 points

QUESTION 25

1.At first Ross disliked the new trendy sneakers that his friends were wearing. But after repeatedly seeing his friends wear the sneakers he began to like them. What is this example of?

Dishabituation

Replicability

Repeated presentation effect

Mere exposure effect

4 points

Lastly make a 5 slide in this order

First slide:your name ,institute,class, and name of discorder you pick

Second slide:defination of your disorder,who gets the disorder(age,gender,etc…),dsm-v(note if applicable any changes sincedsm-IV)

_new name

_new symptom

_new category

Thrird slide:case study description

_symptom1

_symptom2

_symptom3

Slide four:treatment and prognosis

_treatment options

_what is life like for those with this disorder

_implication for quality for life

Slide five :citation (note I will be checking your sitetation just don’t put anything like yall did on your last work

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