Discussions Respond with at least 150 words to each

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Lesson 4

Keyona; Biases is a cause to feel or show inclination or prejudice for or against someone or something.biases can potentially cause us to make decisions that are neither wise nor fair. To have personal biases is to be human. We all hold our own subjective world views and are influenced and shaped by our experiences, beliefs, values, education, family, friends, peers and others. the reality is that we all have biases that affect our judgments. Managers are certainly no exception to this rule, and a number of common biases affect how they evaluate their employees. Some of the most common are stereotypes, selective perception, confirmation bias, first impression bias, recency bias, spillover bias, in-group bias, and similarity bias. In my personal opinion there is no advantage of having biases when it comes on to making the right decision for the team or group. the only advantage of having biases is that it satisfies your personally need, want or ego. The managerial decision-making process is affected by four factors: the decision-making approach, the type of problem, decision-making condition, and their decision-making style. There are usually seven steps in decision making: identify the decision, gather information, identify alternatives, weigh the evidence, choose among alternatives, take action and review your decision. decision making makes a huge impact on an organization. it can either propel it forward and into success or it can destroy the company’s value. a good decision can enable the organization to thrive and survive long-term, while a poor decision can lead a business into failure and bankruptcy. the worst thing a leader can do is to not make a decision.

Shakiena: The drawbacks of biases is their limiting effect on behavior. However, when managers are aware of potential biases, they can use their awareness to Ana scant age. They can better recognize biases held by others and respond more effectively as a result of their knowledge.Bias can be found everywhere. Although being biased has a negative connotation, the truth is that preferences are built into our character from childhood. Acknowledging these preferences and knowing when to apply them as essential.One huge benefit of having biases is that one doesn’t have to begin at the beginning with every single question faced every day. The problem is, people seem to have this notion that having biases is wrong if the biases are not the ones upheld by the people. Managers are certainly no exception to this rule, and a number of common biases affect how they evaluate their employees. Some of the most common are stereotypes, selective perception, confirmation bias, first impression bias, decency bias, spillover bias, in group bias, and similarity bias. Different ways that you can handle a bias manager are: weigh the severity of your boss’s biases before acting, document your boss’s behavior, attempt to speak with your boss, talk with Human Resources if a dialogue with the boss fails, file a complaint with the U. S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, or Request a transfer.The managerial decision-making process is affected by four factors: the decision-making approach, the type of problem, decision-making conditions, and their decision making style. In addition, in the decision making biases refer to the situation in which decision-making shortcuts are inappropriately applied. Managers are constantly making decisions, and those decisions often have significant impacts and implications for both the organization and its stakeholders. Managerial decision making is often characterized by complexity, incomplete information, and time constraints, and there is rarely one right answer.

Lesson 5;

Michelle ; I do not necessarily agree with this saying. Organizations that fail to plan are planning to fail. It seems like such a crucial statement. I do think that there should be some rules and guidelines to follow, but people are always changing and the world is always evolving, so a business has to change with it when necessary and sometimes daily. If a plan is expected to be followed then how can you make an excuse for when something goes wrong? If a organization sticks to just the plans then how do you explain the down trends, or profit losses of a bad quarter? A bad day? Because, every company has them.

I think the idea of “flexible planning” which includes multiple scenarios seems like a better idea to have on hand for any business to adapt for an unforeseeable change or condition. It is like planning to go to Disney World for the day and the weather is predicted to be blue skies and sunny, three hours into your fun, the clouds roll in and the heavens open up with rain. But you were prepared with a poncho and a compact umbrella in your bag. Great flexible planning!

Yes, planning is important. We do it everyday in our lives, but we are subjective to change. We meet new people, learn new things, find new technology and take chances. Capable and sensible mangers know this and they adapt to these changes because sometimes these things are not in the plan book.

Mark; I would most certainly agree with the above statement! I grew up with a father who would repeat constantly, “Planning, is the key to success!I love this chapter! For complete transparency, I would believe that one of my personal deficiencies is my desire for control. I want to be prepared, and feel as though I have worked to achieve the ideal outcome. At work, I take pride in my ability to think ahead and plan for upcoming events. Strategic planning is also an area that I believe my company lacks in, thus it’s an area of interest for me. particularly enjoyed the four reasons why managers should plan; establish coordinated efforts, reduces uncertainty, reduces overlapping and wasteful activities and establish goals and standards. This is so important! If you don’t have an identified expectation, what is the purpose of exerting any effort? The unaimed arrow always hits it’s target! Planning in some sense equals accountability. There are an unlimited number of examples that I can come up with as to provide explanation as to the importance of planning. As we learned earlier in the text, the uncertainty of the external environment can cause an abundance of rapid change for a business. However, management should have answers to questions when a negative unexpected situation arises. Like Covid-19 for example, which turned the world seemingly upside down overnight. Not many managers would state that they had planned for something like this, however there were systems put into place quickly to adapt to the changing environment. Now, we need to plan for the future adjustments and continue to move businesses towards their goals.

Lesson 6

Joshua; In the modern world, technology plays a role that most people could never have imagined possible. It backs everything we do on a daily basis. From waking up in the morning, to getting to school/work, and even ordering our groceries for us, technology is responsible for it all. One of the greatest aspects would be how easy communication has become. Although technology can be of tremendous aid to an organization, it does not take away from the importance of the planning aspect of management. Without planning, managers as well as their employees would not be on the same page for everything. People could argue their priorities on way or the other. If nothings written out or set in stone some other way, it gives people the freedom to work as they see fit. This is why the managerial function of planning is of crucial importance and could never be forgotten. Ways organizations can incorporate technology into their plans are abundantly clear. One of the easiest ways to communicate through a technological medium is via video conference. A manager can plan a scheduled video conference in which employees of all or some hierarchy levels are asked to attend. During this time, progress of projects can be discussed and and issues can be resolved, all while being able to see each other face to face, but not in person. This is especially relevant in today’s trying times, in which Covid-19 has prevented many business from having in-person gatherings. All in all, technology is a great thing, but it can’t replace the need for organizations to plan accordingly.

Mark; Yes, organizing is still an important managerial function even in the availability of advanced information technology that allows an organization’s work to be completed anywhere at anytime. As described in this chapter, there are multiple designs that managers can use when it comes to traditional organizational structure; simple, functional, and divisional. In today’s technologically advanced society, managers are looking toward contemporary organizational designs such as team-based, matrix and project or boundaryless structures.

I reflected on what we learned earlier in the textbook from Henri Foyl’s 4 Functions Approach. He defined a managers responsibility to the four functions. Organizing was said to be determining what needs to be done, how it will be done, and who is to do it. This is still relevant today regardless of where the work is being completed, at home, abroad or at a companies physical location. Managers are responsible for many things and organizing tasks is certainly one of them.

Given that many companies today may not have a physical location or headquarters and also due to technological advancements employees have greater flexibility in where they can complete their work. However, tasks still need to be communicated and coordinated to be accomplished. Managers assist to provide structure regardless of the style of an organization. I would argue that the function of organization is of greater value now that we’ve seen increasing numbers of people working from home. Especially during Covid-19 pandemic. Individual productivity levels have been in question and many companies were trying to cut costs due to the economic impact of the pandemic. If employees didn’t seem to be efficient or effective because of the freedom of working away from the office, they were likely to be removed. Managers still needed to organize work for employees since they couldn’t return to the office. Yes, organizing is still an important managerial function.

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